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@pnp/sp/related-items

The related items API allows you to add related items to items within a task or workflow list. Related items need to be in the same site collection.

Setup

Instead of copying this block of code into each sample, understand that each sample is meant to run with this supporting code to work.

import { sp, extractWebUrl } from "@pnp/sp";
import "@pnp/sp/webs";
import "@pnp/sp/related-items/web";
import "@pnp/sp/lists/web";
import "@pnp/sp/items/list";
import "@pnp/sp/files/list";
import { IList } from "@pnp/sp/lists";
import { getRandomString } from "@pnp/common";

// setup some lists (or just use existing ones this is just to show the complete process)
// we need two lists to use for creating related items, they need to use template 107 (task list)
const ler1 = await sp.web.lists.ensure("RelatedItemsSourceList", "", 107);
const ler2 = await sp.web.lists.ensure("RelatedItemsTargetList", "", 107);

const sourceList = ler1.list;
const targetList = ler2.list;

const sourceListName = await sourceList.select("Id")().then(r => r.Id);
const targetListName = await targetList.select("Id")().then(r => r.Id);

// or whatever you need to get the web url, both our example lists are in the same web.
const webUrl = sp.web.toUrl();

// ...individual samples start here
const sourceItem = await sourceList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);
const targetItem = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem.Id, webUrl);

addSingleLinkToUrl

This method adds a link to task item based on a url. The list name and item id are to the task item, the url is to the related item/document.

// get a file's server relative url in some manner, here we add one
const file = await sp.web.defaultDocumentLibrary.rootFolder.files.add(`file_${getRandomString(4)}.txt`, "Content", true).then(r => r.data);
// add an item or get an item from the task list
const targetItem = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLinkToUrl(targetListName, targetItem.Id, file.ServerRelativeUrl);

addSingleLinkFromUrl

This method adds a link to task item based on a url. The list name and item id are to related item, the url is to task item to which the related reference is being added. I haven't found a use case for this method.

This method allows you to delete a link previously created.

const sourceItem = await sourceList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);
const targetItem = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

// add the link
await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem.Id, webUrl);

// delete the link
await sp.web.relatedItems.deleteSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem.Id, webUrl);

getRelatedItems

Gets the related items for an item

import { IRelatedItem } from "@pnp/sp/related-items";

const sourceItem = await sourceList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);
const targetItem = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

// add a link
await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem.Id, webUrl);

const targetItem2 = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

// add a link
await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem2.Id, webUrl);

const items: IRelatedItem[] = await sp.web.relatedItems.getRelatedItems(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id);

// items.length === 2

Related items are defined by the IRelatedItem interface

export interface IRelatedItem {
    ListId: string;
    ItemId: number;
    Url: string;
    Title: string;
    WebId: string;
    IconUrl: string;
}

getPageOneRelatedItems

Gets an abbreviated set of related items

import { IRelatedItem } from "@pnp/sp/related-items";

const sourceItem = await sourceList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);
const targetItem = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

// add a link
await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem.Id, webUrl);

const targetItem2 = await targetList.items.add({ Title: `Item ${getRandomString(4)}` }).then(r => r.data);

// add a link
await sp.web.relatedItems.addSingleLink(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id, webUrl, targetListName, targetItem2.Id, webUrl);

const items: IRelatedItem[] = await sp.web.relatedItems.getPageOneRelatedItems(sourceListName, sourceItem.Id);

// items.length === 2
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